Monday, August 24, 2020

The Comparison of Characters in Reference to Beowulf Essays

The Comparison of Characters in Reference to Beowulf Essays The Comparison of Characters in Reference to Beowulf Paper The Comparison of Characters in Reference to Beowulf Paper Be that as it may, I locate this false, the characters In Beowulf are increasingly powerful and have more prominent virtue when looked into to characters In most advanced books. At the point when we think about the epic Beowulf the primary thing that rings a bell Is simply the shopping center character of the story Beowulf himself. All through the story he Is by a wide margin the most unique character and we see a greater amount of his Inner self than any other person In the story. We witness Beowulf create from an upstart youngster Into an astute, gracious, old lord. For instance, we watch this change for the most part in the explanation that he battles: when he was youthful Beowulf battled for himself, for self magnificence, toward the finish of the epic (in the battle with the monster) we see that he battles for his kin benevolently and without care for his own security. In his more youthful days Beowulf battled Greened without weapons so the battle would be on reasonable footing, however when we view Beowulf when he is more seasoned, he doesn't desert any preferred position when he sets himself in opposition to the winged serpent, it is this one of a kind change that informs us so much regarding how he feels about the mythical serpent as juxtaposed to how he felt of Greened when they battled. In that fight Beowulf needed to substantiate himself, so he didn't utilize weapons so the battle would be on standing; on the other hand, in the fight with the mythical beast he was securing his kin so he utilized every one of his weapons and aptitudes to crush the mammoth, he needed to guarantee cap he would not lose at any expense. While searching for a cutting edge novel to appear differently in relation to Beowulf I found a huge arrangement of books composed by R. A. Salvatore, this arrangement is known as the Forgotten Realms arrangement and has one fundamental character all through the whole arrangement. This character is named Drizzle, and in the wake of perusing a significant number of these books I can offer a genuine input about the arrangement. I found that in this arrangement the fundamental character scarcely changes by any means, one could state that the character is totally apathetic all through the whole arrangement; not through Just one book, or part, however all through the whole ascent he scarcely grows mentally as a character. I found that through this arrangement Drizzle changes areas, closet, weapons, and partners. Nonetheless, I found that he doesn't change what he battles for or why he battles; a portion of different characters In the books change, however none so drastically to be contrasted with Beowulf. By watching the virtues In Beowulf society we find numerous saltcellars to our own arrangement of qualities. Be that as it may, there are additionally some not really compensation esteems found In this work, for example, the magnificence and nature of friendliness appeared to Beowulf by Warthogs. This social worth is one that we don't stretch out to everybody that goes to our home, dissimilar to Harington we 00 not esteem now everybody reels tout us nor 00 we Tell committed to regard everybody as visitors. This shortage is Just one of the numerous things in todays society that has been debasing since the hour of Beowulf and previously. The basic realities are that we don't feel that we can manage the cost of a similar sort of cordiality and respect that Warthogs gives to his guests. We don't have the opportunity to thank somebody that comes to assist us with an issue, we have to get the issue fixed and et back to life. There are not many of us that assume likened to Warthogs. For instance, in the event that we are cordial to a circuit repairman and help him in any capacity conceivable, possibly get him a beverage or something, in the event that we ever need his administrations again I would wager that his fixes are more brief and his demeanor is better than if we had been mean or not interested in him the last time he needed to come fix something. It makes me imagine that Warthogs has some good judgment in acting along these lines to Beowulf; this is Just one case of the ethical shortages we find when contrasting Beowulf society with our own. With everything taken into account, when contrasted with the characters in present day books I find that Beowulf is commonly better in many angles. He doesn't miss the mark with regards to moral choices, he accepts everything, and he isn't inadequate in the boldness division. His character is extremely powerful and changes all through the epic, that as well as his friends change alongside him, some for better and some in negative ways. I can't resist the opportunity to appreciate this epic in the entirety of its greatness, in addition to the fact that it is an incredible story with a decent plot it has made due for longer than a centuries and right up 'til the present time never neglects to engage perusers. How might I think about some novel that isn't so much as thirty years of age to this epic, I don't anticipate that any advanced novel should be as extraordinary as Beowulf or to achieve such a degree of acclaim and regard. If one somehow managed to ask me for what good reason, I would instruct them to check with me in a thousand years and check whether they could locate their preferred novel from the present being concentrated in universities over the world. And still, after all that I question that it would be comparable to Beowulf nor besides some other works composed around that time. By and large the epic Beowulf has preferable character improvement over practically any advanced book that I have had the delight, or disappointment, to peruse.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Rich Dad Essay -- essays research papers

A genuine story of two fathers, one father is a profoundly taught educator, the other, an eighth grade dropout. The informed father left his family with nothing, aside from a couple of unpaid bills. The dropout later got one of Hawaii’s most extravagant men and left his child a fortune. The informed father would state, â€Å"I can’t bear the cost of it† while the other, asked, â€Å"How would i be able to manage the cost of it?† Rich father shows the young men inestimable exercises on cash, by causing them to learn through understanding. The most significant exercise he instructs is to liberate yourself from the â€Å"rat race† of life and figure out how to bring in cash work for you, and not be its slave. He realized that money related proficiency would help set up the young men for their life. In spite of the fact that one must have a vocation, Rich Dad instructed the young men to in the end utilize your normal everyday employment to start staying out of other people's affairs. The primary exercise the two young men learned was that the wealthy don't work for cash. One should work to learn, not bring in cash. At age 9, Robert Kiyosaki and his closest companion Mike asked Mike’s father to show them how to bring in cash. Following 3 weeks of tidying jars in one of Rich Dad’s accommodation stores at 10 pennies per week, Kiyosaki was prepared to stop. Rich Dad called attention to this is actually what his representatives seemed like. A few people quit a place of employment since it doesn’t pay well. Others consider it to be a chance to gain some new useful knowledge. Next Rich Dad set the two young men to work, this time in vain. Doing this constrained them to brainstorm a wellspring of salary, a business conspire. The open door came to them after seeing ...

Friday, July 24, 2020

Redesigning a hall logo 4.500 part 1

Redesigning a hall logo 4.500 part 1 4.500, Intro to Design Computing, my favorite class this semester, is a design class with a project every week. The first four projects involved using CAD software to design 2d and 3d objects, and then laser cutting masonite boards fabricate the objects. For the first assignment, we had to use CAD to trace an existing symbol or logo, analyze the pros and cons of the symbol, and improve on it throughout 3 iterations. I chose the 1E logo (my hall in East Campus). AutoCAD was strongly recommended for this class, and since I was very used to Solidworks and Rhinoceros, learning how to use AutoCAD took a bit of time. Eventually I finished tracing the logo. I laser cut (red lines are engraved while green lines are cut) and spray painted it. Honestly I dont like it- its too blocky and looks kind of outdated. The rigidity and homogeneity of the logo dont represent the diverse interests and hobbies of the people that live here, and the logo overall doesnt quite read as 1 and E, it looks like an E with a weird flag. The 1 and the E being attached does reflect our tight-knit community, where 40 different people are integrated into one space. For my first iteration I separated the 1 and the E, used thinner letter widths, and had the engraved lines fade out from the 1 and the E. The diversity of 1E and the malleability of the culture are portrayed through the different textures (engraved and smooth), but the separation of the letters disregards the integration aspect of hall. The characters being connected at the bottom almost seems random and without purpose. For the next iteration I tried using a different typeface for the E, and I got rid of the etched lines for a more minimalist look. The flowiness of the script works to portray the fluidity of our culture, but the shift from the 1 to the e seems sudden, as if the 1 was quickly stretched and taped to the e. My final iteration superimposed a script capital E on top of the bold, rigid 1. The two typefaces complement and contrast each other, signifying how 40 people with different hobbies, interests, and personalities each contribute to the community. Heres the writeup I turned in (click the arrows to scroll through the pages!) An arrow pointing right Previous An arrow pointing right Next Post Tagged #1E #4.500 #Design #laser cutting #logo design

Friday, May 22, 2020

History, Origin And Race Of The African Culture - 1339 Words

Africana Studies to me is the study of the history, origin and race of the African culture. A journey taken by Africans where through failures, struggles, challenges, disappointments, and discouragements up to freedom, success and independence one can witness the strong uphold of these people. The African nation and its people have witnessed the most gruesome terrible things that many generations combined can undergo through. From slavery to the Trans-Atlantic trade to colonization of the African countries one can unfold a deep history that lies along. I have taken interest in studying and learning Africana studies not because I come for Nairobi, Kenya but because I want to grasp and comprehend the hidden, unknown, overlooked and underappreciated history of the African continent and its people. For this paper I will focus on slavery mainly the dehumanization of slaves. Dehumanization by definition â€Å"is to treat (someone) as though he or she is not a human being†. Young chi ldren, women and men who were all innocent undergoing treacherous and unsustainable pain. From being over looked, mistreated, humiliated and deprived, I will incorporate how at the end of it all, we were able to fight for our freedom and independence. My starting point is The Boston African American Historic Site which was designated in the 1980’s and is located in Beacon Hill in Boston, Massachusetts. It is a site where slavery, equal rights, education and injustice was fought and won by the AfricanShow MoreRelatedAfrican Diaspora Identity : History, Race, Culture, And Language1147 Words   |  5 Pagesa country of origin and must migrate to a new homeland. In some cases, the migration is forced whereas in others it is voluntary but forced through circumstances. The process of identity becomes central as those that migrate are forced to determine what it means to be a member of a new culture while still maintaining their own heritage and traditions. One way that culture ca n be honored is through literature. When considering diaspora identity one must consider history, race, culture and languageRead MoreThe Importance Of African American Education1559 Words   |  7 PagesIntroduction Historically, race and class have been the defining factors in determining the quality of education received by people in the United States ( Gordon, 1990; Williams Land, 2006). The western curriculum serves the cultural interest of whites, who have their roots in the European countries. It does not favor the cultural interest of African Americans, but it would only make sense that African American people are educated on true African history. The African American quest for educationRead MoreRoots of Hip Hop968 Words   |  4 Pagespractice today can be related back to African culture and various traditions. Author of  The Roots and Stylistic Foundations of the Rap Music and Tradition,  Cheryl Keyes, discuss’ the spirit, style, tradition, emotions, culture and the delivery of music. Keyes says that many of these practices can be traced back to the West Afrikan Bardic Tradition in particular. When asking many old-school, and culturally involved hip-hop artists about the ro ots and origins of rap/hip-hop music many of them willRead MoreIs Egypt Afrocentric?1072 Words   |  5 Pagesstudying Egypt as Afrocentric. Abstract: Egypt, like all other African countries has an extensive history rich with a unique culture and belief system. Unfortunately, Ancient Egyptian culture and history is buried under a synthesized backdrop for what is European history. Though the nation was influence by many cultures over the years, Egypt must still hold onto its true origins by rediscovering and challenging it’s own history in order to reinvent it as an Afrocentric nation that founded a uniqueRead MoreEducation And Complex Communication : Booker T Washington1071 Words   |  5 Pagesabolished in the early 19th century, people knew it would take some time for African Americans to progress as a race, and most importantly to join in contributing to an integral part of society. To say people knew might be a tough assumption to make, many people doubted this to ever be a possibility. One of the people who contributed to making this a possibility was Booker T Washington. Booker Taliaferro Washington was an A frican American educator, author, and advisor to presidents of the United StatesRead MoreThe Negro Digs Up His Past920 Words   |  4 Pagesis fiction of facts. Living in a world, where only certain race can be seen as superior to others. Schomburg was a pioneer beyond his times. In the article â€Å"The Negro Digs up His Past†. The beginning of this essay revealed a powerful statement, â€Å"The American Negro must remake his past in order to make his future† (Arthur Schomburg). It is very clear, Schomburg realized the importance of being knowledgeable on your true history. â€Å"History must restore what slavery took away, for it is the social damageRead MoreIdentity Crisis Among African Americans1618 Words   |  7 PagesSandra Staton-Taiwo Identity Crisis amongst African Americans 17 November 2014 Abstract The question of self-identity has been commonly argued in field of the African American literature; with scholars such as Martin R. Delany and W.E.B Du Bois argue about the emphasis on race and racial consciousness. Together Du Bois and Delaney stress the importance of the color line, or the racial segregation in the United States, as a critical part of American history; nonetheless they both had completely dissimilarRead More Dominicans And Afro-americans Essay944 Words   |  4 Pagestoday, there is a large and diverse African-American population. Within this population, there are several ethnic groups. The other ethnic group similar to Afro-Americans is Dominicans. Not only are they both minorities, but they also look similar as well. Both Dominicans and Afro-Americans are originally from Africa, but their slave masters separated them into two different cultures. African-Americans was African slaves of Americans, and Dominicans were African slaves of the Spanish. Hevesi of theRe ad MoreAfrica The Home Of Humanity1253 Words   |  6 PagesAfrica the Home of Humanity Human origins, evolution, and diffusion are important for understanding the history of Africa. African historians take pride in the fact that Africa is most certainly the birthplace of humanity. There is evidence showing that humanity began in Africa by remains left behind by human groups and societies. They have retrieved fossils of living organisms, and even written records, like cave drawings. Dating back millions of years ago Africa provides the best time lineRead MoreEssay on African American Academic Discipline Studies1305 Words   |  6 PagesThe Origin, Development, and Purpose of Africana Studies as an Academic Discipline Thesis African American Studies is a change agent for the ideology of Black Americans. Black studies as an academic discipline serves to reorient the perspective of African Americans in an effort to regain a sense of pride and cultural identity stolen by white society. Abstract Ever since the Europeans forcefully brought Africans west, black people have struggled with a loss of their true culture and

Thursday, May 7, 2020

Standard For Better Quality Accounting And Reporting

Report Aim: Many companies are looking to adopt this standard for better quality accounting and reporting and so I will be looking into the issues with IFRS such as measurement and reporting of profit, implications of adopting IFRS, the reintroduction of the concept of prudence and other proposed changes to the conceptual framework. Conceptual Frame work: According to ACCA[2014], a conceptual frame work must â€Å"consider the theoretical and conceptual issues surrounding financial reporting and form a coherent and consistent foundation that will underpin the development of accounting standards†[ACCA, 2014]. This definition incorporates the IASB and FASB definition of conceptual framework. So in other words, conceptual framework forms the†¦show more content†¦By means of conceptual framework, FASB is able to issue consistent useful standards. However FASB has been criticized for not having a formal post-implementation of standards for reviewing the effect of a newly issued accounting standard [Christine, 2011]. But the biggest criticism that the US standard setting board was more rules based and should take a more principles based approach which is more associated with IASB but it can also be said that FASB uses the principles to somewhat produce the rules for the preparers of accounting statement [Schipper 2003]. Enron Scandal The rule-based approach came into the firing line after the big scandal of Enron and WorldCom. Nelson [2003, p.91] suggested that rules can in some ways increase the accuracy which standard setters communicate their requirement and reduces the imprecision that lead to aggressive reporting but he also highlight rules can consequently lead to complexity and to structuring of transactions. In fact the case of Enron, WorldCom and Xerox are among the financial scandal that called for the review of US standard approached. Enron is a case that clearly shows that the rules-based standards are insufficient to prevent the scandal. Although Enron committed fraud, it is however more complex than that because they were staying within the accounting rules and regulationsShow MoreRelatedThe Harmonisation Of Accounting Standards1151 Words   |  5 PagesIntroduction The harmonisation of accounting standards across the world has been a controversial issues in accounting profession throughout a long period of time. Despite the long establishment of the International Financial reporting standards developed by the IASB, there are still a number of countries who resist to adopt the system comprehensively. Particularly, United Stated are developing their own accounting system instead of adopting the global standards. It is argued that IFRS is not potentiallyRead MoreAccounting Theory and Research1155 Words   |  5 PagesAccounting Standards Board University of Phoenix Accounting Theory and Research Jun 13, 2009 Accounting Standards Board To address the increasing challenges of legislating those governs our society today, â€Å"countries all over the world have begun to outsource rulemaking to bodies consisting of people familiar with the subject. For that reason, policymakers rely on private entities to establish financial accounting and reporting standards† (Donald Kieso, 2003, Intermediate Accounting). TheRead MoreAccounting Standard And International Accounting Standards Essay1500 Words   |  6 PagesAccounting standard has been introduced after the World War II where every country has its own proper accounting practices such as the United States Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (the US GAAP). As time flies, international trade and foreign direct investment has experience a period of rapid growth where the companies begin to expand their business in a larger scale. Frequent international mergers and acquisitions especially by American corporations to the European companies has createdRead MorePrin cipal vs Rule Based Accounting1733 Words   |  7 Pagesadoption on Financial Statement and Accounting Quality Q2) Principle and rule-based accounting reflect different approaches to accounting. The pros and cons of rule-based accounting (RBA) and principle-based accounting (PBA) are as discussed. (1) RBA deters creative accounting as rules reduce opportunistic discretion unlike PBA which is more subjective and ambiguous.On the other hand, others argue that rules are a means to circumvent the objectives of a standard and more vulnerable to transactionRead MoreThe Impact Of Ifrs Adoption On Accounting Quality And Its Implication Essay1105 Words   |  5 Pagesestablishment of the International Financial Reporting Standard (IFRS), there has been a heated debate over the effect of IFRS adoption on accounting quality and its implication. Understanding the role IFRS plays in enhancing the quality of accounting information, not only policy-makers and securities regulators can appropriately decide on which accounting standard to be implemented but the investors can also re-examine the reliability of accounting information provided by firms applying IFRS. HavingRead MoreIfrs Synthesis Essay1281 Words   |  6 PagesFor nearly half a century, a movement has been underway to establish a high-quality, comprehensive set of international accounting standards, with the goal of facilitating international trade and investment. In the global capital market, differences in the rules of accounting for the purposes of recognition, measurement, and reporting of financial results have impaired the smooth transfer of information across borders. Given that it accounts for nearly a third of the global market, there is considerableRead MoreInternational Financial Reporting Standards And The International Accounting Standards Board1236 Words   |  5 PagesREVENUE ACCOUNTING ASSIGNMENT 2 – BUSINESS REPORT Name : Jea Sun Lee Student Number : N9558195 Word Count : 1000 words Table of Contents EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 5 1.0 Introduction 6 2.0. Research and Evaluation 7-8 3.0 Future Implications of adopting AASB 15 for Australian companies 9 4.0 Conclusion 10 Reference List 11-12 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) Foundation and the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) are a global languageRead MoreU.s. Accounting Practices Can Cause Complications1060 Words   |  5 PagesAfter a thorough analysis of several U.S. accounting failures such as those at ENRON, Worldcom, and others, individuals in the European Union and around the world claim that had the U.S. followed International Financial Reporting Standards, instead of U.S. GAAP, these debacles might never had happened. For many years, the accounting profession had faced several challenges developing a set of guidelines that would be generally accepted and universally practiced around the globe. In more recent yearsRead MoreHow Local Institutional And Economic Factors Influence Arise With Uniform Standards Essay1665 Words   |  7 PagesBall (2006) posits â€Å"the notion that uniform standards alone will produce uniform financial reporting seems naà ¯ve.† Discuss, wi th aid of relevant literature and examples, to what extent you agree with the above statement. According to Alexander et al. (2011), stakeholders around the world uses information from financial statements in their decision-making process for many different purposes and it is almost the same on how they use the information in every country. However, there can be differencesRead MoreCurrent Financial Reporting Standards On The Workplace Essay1744 Words   |  7 PagesCurrent Financial Reporting Issues It is incontestable that international financial reporting standards (IFRS) are in vogue and global conformity theoretically on the doorstep as about 100 countries implement standard financial regulations. The idea that uniform reporting standards have the same effect on financial reporting undervalues the contested ability to be flexible in financial reporting and introduces another level of debate on the issue of flexibility and uniformity. Apart from the fact

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Ing Life Free Essays

ING Life Bo Sun CIS 505: Communication Technologies Strayer University Darcel  Ford, Ph. D. February 11, 2013 Difficulties and Risks Associated with Internet Originally, Internet was designed for absolute security environment. We will write a custom essay sample on Ing Life or any similar topic only for you Order Now Therefore, the protocols which are consisting of the infrastructure of Internet have no security concerns. This means Internet is easily to be vulnerable. Although major part of security issues are from inside, Internet does take external threats. When users connect the Internet, the web browsers might contain breaches that permit scripts to access the system and may cause damages potentially. In addition, when information is transmitting through the public network, the transmission might be captured by someone else. This is known as man-in-the middle attack. (Dean, 2009) Another potential common risk associated with Internet is called reconnaissance threats. Attackers could detect the reachable networks, devices and services through the Internet connection, or even draw an entire network map. Furthermore, DoS attack is another risk users could encounter when using Internet. Hackers attempts to over-whelm the system in order to make it shut down. Oppenheimer, 2011) Analyze ING’s Solution The security mechanism existing in the current ING’s network is implemented a fire between the external brokers and the internal servers. Basically, this is not enough to protect the network, especially, the information of ING involves private personal information. The information should be protected carefully. Securing Internet connection a variety of overlapping security me chanisms will be equipped to guarantee the security of the Internet connection. Common mechanisms include: firewalls, packet filters, physical security, audit logs, authentication and authorization. At the same time, technicians also need to implement packet filters to prevent the Internet routers from the DoS attacks. DoS attacks have great intimidation to public servers. In this condition, reliable operating system and applications are critical to solve the potential attacks. CGI and other types of scripts also could take care of the servers. Finally, firewall mechanism is efficient when facing Dos attacks. Firewall technologies, physical security, authentication and authorization mechanisms, auditing, and possibly encryption consist of the security mechanisms utilized on remote access (Oppenheimer, 2011). Besides these normal network security mechanisms, a proper routing protocol is also important to Internet connection. The selected protocol should support route authentication. And static and default routing is an issue need to be concerned because of potential compromised routing updates. Finally, clear police and comprehensive training for the employee is significant. After all, most security issues are leaded by human errors. Critique the Extranet Solution To support extranet connection for brokers is an excellent decision. It is simply for users to get access to the information which they needed. On the other hand, extranet is easily to be managed from the security aspect. Administrators could implement security mechanisms simply. Remote-access VPN is another way could be Implemented to connect the brokers. According to Oppenheimer, â€Å"Reomte-access VPNs permit on-demond access to an organization’s internetwork, via secure, encrypted connections. (Oppenheimer, 2011) This function is suitable for the remote uses which don’t need always connection. Users connect the corporate’s network through service provider’s network, this could decrease the budget of connection and the the work of network administritors. Install redundent mechanism could imprive brokers service. When primary database shut down, the backup device s could guarantee the network connection work normally. References Dean, T. (2009). network+ guide to networks. Mason: Cengage Learning. Oppenheimer, P. (2011). Top-down Network Design. Boston: Pearson Learning Solutions. How to cite Ing Life, Papers

Monday, April 27, 2020

Pablo Picasso Essays - Pablo Picasso, Art Movements, Modern Art

Pablo Picasso Pablo Picasso Picasso, Pablo Ruiz y (1881-1973), Spanish painter and sculptor, is considered one of the greatest artist of the 20th century. He was a inventor of forms, innovator of styles and techniques, a master of various media, and one of the most prolific artists in history. He created more than 20,000 works. Training and Early Work Picasso was Born in M?laga on October 25, 1881, he was the son of Jos? Ruiz Blasco, an art teacher, and Mar?a Picasso y Lopez. Until 1898 he always used his father's name, Ruiz, and his mother's maiden name, Picasso, to sign his pictures. After about 1901 he dropped ?Ruiz? and used his mother's maiden name to sign his pictures. At the age of 10 he made his first paintings, and at 15 he performed brilliantly on the entrance examinations to Barcelona's School of Fine Arts. His large academic canvas Science and Charity (1897, Picasso Museum, Barcelona), depicting a doctor, a nun, and a child at a sick woman's bedside, won a gold medal. Blue Period Between 1900 and 1902, Picasso made three trips to Paris, finally settling there in 1904. He found the city's bohemian street life fascinating, and his pictures of people in dance halls and caf?s show how he learned the postimpressionism of the French painter Paul Gauguin and the symbolist painters called the Nabis. The themes of the French painters Edgar Degas and Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, as well as the style of the latter, exerted the strongest influence. Picasso's Blue Room (1901, Phillips Collection, Washington, D.C.) reflects the work of both these painters and, at the same time, shows his evolution toward the Blue Period, so called because various shades of blue dominated his work for the next few years. Expressing human misery, the paintings portray blind figures, beggars, alcoholics, and prostitutes, their somewhat elongated bodies reminiscent of works by the Spanish artist El Greco. Rose Period Shortly after settling in Paris in a shabby building known as the Bateau-Lavoir (?laundry barge,? which it resembled), Picasso met Fernande Olivier, the first of many companions to influence the theme, style, and mood of his work. With this happy relationship, Picasso changed his palette to pinks and reds; the years 1904 and 1905 are thus called the Rose Period. Many of his subjects were drawn from the circus, which he visited several times a week; one such painting is Family of Saltimbanques (1905, National Gallery, Washington, D.C.). In the figure of the harlequin, Picasso represented his alter ego, a practice he repeated in later works as well. Dating from his first decade in Paris are friendships with the poet Max Jacob, the writer Guillaume Apollinaire, the art dealers Ambroise Vollard and Daniel Henry Kahnweiler, and the American expatriate writers Gertrude Stein and her brother Leo, who were his first important patrons; Picasso did portraits of them all. Protocubism In the summer of 1906, during Picasso's stay in G?sol, Spain, his work entered a new phase, marked by the influence of Greek, Iberian, and African art. His celebrated portrait of Gertrude Stein (1905-1906, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City) reveals a masklike treatment of her face. The key work of this early period, however, is Les demoiselles d'Avignon (1907, Museum of Modern Art, New York City), so radical in style?its picture surface resembling fractured glass?that it was not even understood by contemporary avant-garde painters and critics. Destroyed were spatial depth and the ideal form of the female nude, which Picasso restructured into harsh, angular planes. Cubism?Analytic and Synthetic Inspired by the volumetric treatment of form by the French postimpressionist artist Paul C?zanne, Picasso and the French artist Georges Braque painted landscapes in 1908 in a style later described by a critic as being made of ?little cubes,? thus leading to the term cubism. Some of their paintings are so similar that it is difficult to tell them apart. Working together between 1908 and 1911, they were concerned with breaking down and analyzing form, and together they developed the first phase of cubism, known as analytic cubism. Monochromatic color schemes were favored in their depictions of radically fragmented motifs, whose several sides were shown simultaneously. Picasso's favorite subjects were musical instruments, still-life objects, and his friends; one famous